A Brief Description Of   
     TRIPURA GOVERNMENT MUSEUM, Agartala, India     

   

Name  

:-

Tripura Government Museum.

Inauguration  

:-

22nd June, 1970.

Status  

:-

State Level Museum under Directorate of Higher Education.

Type of Museum  

:-

Multipurpose (with great emphasis on Art and crafts of Tripura.

Location  

:-

Post Office Chowmohani, Agartala.

Visiting Hours  

:-

10 a.m. to 1 p.m. and 2 p.m. to 5 p.m.

Closing day  

:-

Sunday, including all gazetted holidays.

Entrance  

:-

Rs. 2/- per ticket.

Number of galleries  

:-

4 nos.

Name of galleries

:-

  1. Archaeological gallery
  2. Indian Sculpture through the ages gallery
  3. Painting gallery
  4. Tribal Culture gallery.

Total Nos. of collections  

:-

1645 nos.

  1. Coins
  1. Gold Coins – 8 nos.
  2. Silver Coins – 244 nos.
  3. Copper Coins – 522 nos
  1. Sculptures : 79 nos.
  2. Terracotta : 141 nos.
  3. Copper inscriptions : 10 nos.
  4. Stone inscriptions : 09 nos.
  5. Bronze images : 39 nos.
  6. Textiles : 102 nos.
  7. Oil paintings : 58 nos.
  8. Sketches and drawings : 63 nos.
  9. Jewellery : 197 nos. and others.

Reference library  

:-

Books on Art, Architecture, Archaeology, Anthropology, History and other aspects of Triprua State.

Epigraphical collections  

:-

Number of Manuscripts – 120 nos.

Language   :- Sanskrit and Bengali.
Type   :- Mythological.

Importance  

:-

Triprua Government Museum is important to the tourists, students, general public and research scholars to know about the History & Culture of past and present people of the State.

Sculpture  

:-

Most of the sculptures acquired and displayed so far are from Udaipur, Pilak, Jolaibari and other sites of Triprua. Out of them, the sculptures from Pilak are the exquisite collections, depicting mixed culture of both Hindu and Buddhist pantheon. they are famous itself for the style and variety of theme. The sculptures are mostly dated back to 9th to 13th

cent. A. D. Most of the sculptures and made of sand stone and for that the formation of sculpture is very crude in nature.

Low relief Dasavatar panels collected from Radhanagar in the vicinity of Agartala dated back to 18th cent. A. D. are the exquisite pieces of sculpture. From these sculpture we get local influence in their formation, style and anthropomorphic details.

Terracotta  

:-

Most of the terracotta figures collected in its Museum are from Pilak and Amarpur. Some terracotta figures belonging to Bengal School, contributed by Sri Dinesh Ch. Sen, Historian, are our prized collection. Terracotta's of Pilak symbolizes a unique craftsmanship of the folk traditions as prevailed in greater Bengal and the rest having mythological themes, floral designs, animal motifs etc. Because of poor firing and clay, the quality of the terracottas found in Pilak are not good like those of Bengal.

Bronze Images  

:-

Bronze images of Triprua are no less important in moulding technique, theme, variety and unique craftsmanship. Some of the important collections are of miniature Mukhalinga Avalokitesvara, Tara and Vishnu etc.

Coins  

:-

The most ancient coin of the Tripura rulers so far discovered is that of Maharaja Ratna Manikya (1464 A.D.) the 145th King of the state.

 

The Characteristics of coins of Tripura.

(a)

Mostly made of silver and copper, some gold coins are also in collection.

(b)

Coronation, pilgrimage, conquest etc. types of commemorative coins are the general collection.

(c)

Queen’s name along with king inscribed on the coin e.g. obverse of the coin depict the legend, "Sivadurgapada, Srijuta Dharma Manikya Deva, Sri Dharmasila Mahadevi.

(d)

Iconographic symbol is also found on the coin.

(e)

The script of the coins is in Bengali and partly Assamese. The language is Sanskrit.

Paintings  

:-

Paintings are mostly acquired from the Royal House of Tripura on permanent donation. the paintings are mainly belonging to the life size portraits of the rulers of the State. There are some paintings of non-Indian origin. Some sketches and drawings of famous artists like Nandalal Bose, Gagan Thakur and Dhiren Krishna Deb Barma are the most valuable collection of this Museum.

Tribal Sculpture Gallery  

:-

Triprua being a land of various ethnic groups, an attempt has been made to depict the material culture of the major tribes of Tripura. Some of the unique collections of ornaments, musical instruments and textiles used by them in different stages of life are shown through models and diorama.

Development of new galleries  

:-

The Victoria Memorial Hall, Kolkata has come forward with a project for the development of a big hall into a photographic gallery on "Hill seapes of India" which is under progress.

The Indian Museum, Kolkata has remodeled a big room for exhibition the folk & tribal crafts of Tripura. The famous bamboo and cane made objects, sculptures on wood curving and ivory are its special attraction.

Photo Gallery Bronze Objects

1. Buddha : Circa 9th-10th Cent A.D.

2. Siva Parvati : 9th-10th cent A.D.
Stone Objects
3. Bhairava : 12th cent, Sonamura, Tripura
4. Buddha : 10th cent, Pilak, Tripura
5. Uma-Maheswar : 11th cent, Udaipur, Tripura
Stone Plaque (Dashavatara Panel)
6. Kalki Avatar : 18th cent, Radhanagar, Tripura
7. Kurmavatar : 18th cent, Radhanagar, Tripura
8. Krishna : 18th cent, Radhanagar, Tripura
Terracotta
9. Kinnar : 18th cent, Pilak, Tripura



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Government of Tripura,
Directorate  of  Higher Education, Tripura-799006.
 
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